Getting to Know Plants Class 6 Notes Science Chapter 7
Table of Contents
CBSE Class 6 Science Notes Chapter 7 Getting to Know Plants
The different topics covered in CBSE Class 6 Science Chapter 7 are tabulated below:
|7.1||Herbs, Shrubs and Trees|
Plants are living things that grow on land or in water. From snowy mountain slopes to dry, hot deserts, plants can survive almost anywhere on Earth.
Plants can be divided into two groups :
(i). Flowering Plants
Ex : sunflowers, orchids
(ii). Non-flowering Plants
Ex : mosses and ferns
All plants make their own food, taking energy from sunlight. Unlike animals, plants cannot move from place to place, and most are rooted in the ground.
Ex : 7.1 – Herbs, shrubs and trees :
Herbs, shrubs and trees: Plants are usually grouped into herbs, shrubs and trees on the basis of their heights, stem and branches:
Creepers and climbers:
The stem of some plants are very thin and weak. They either lie on the ground or need support to stand up. They are called creepers and climbers respectively.
Ex : 7.2 – Stem :
Ex : 7.3 – Leaf :
Leaf is the most important part of the plant. Most leaves of plants are green in colour. There are different shapes and sizes of leaves.
Different parts of a Leaf :
Leaf has different parts:
Function of Leaves :
Ex : 7.4 – Root :
There are two types of roots :
Ex : 7.5 – Flower :
A flower is the part of a plant that is responsible for making new seeds. It is often made of petals and may have an attractive scent.
Reproduction in flowering plants:
Flowering plants make new seeds inside the flower using male and female parts. Some plants, such as holly trees, may have either male or female flowers. If a tree has male flowers it will never produce any berries : they are only produced on trees with female flowers.
Flowers, Fruits, and Seeds :
A flower is the reproductive organ of a plant. A seed is an enclosed dormant embryo of a plant. They are found in the fruits and when sown, gives rise to a new plant.