Features and Objectives of The Amendment Act of 1786 – Indian Polity
Here you will find Features and Objectives of The Amendment Act of 1786 that will help UPSC IAS, SSC, NET, States PCS and other competitive exams aspirants. It will provide a quick glimpse of the topic and improve the learning experience. These UPSC notes makes it easier for the students to comprehend the concepts due to use of easy language.
Features, Objectives and Provisions of The Amendment Act of 1786| UPSC IAS
The Pitt’s India Act of 1784 considerably enhanced the Crown’s control over the Company, as well as Company dominance over the Governor-General in Council, of the Supreme Government over the subordinate presidencies. But the powers of the Governor-General stayed about the same. He was required to follow the council’s decisions, even if he didn’t agree with them.
Lord Cornwallis who was appointed to succeed Warren Hastings as Governor General insisted that he would be the Commander-in-Chief also. This meant the reduction of his Council to two members only.
Provisions or Features of Amendment Act of 1786
• The Act permitted the union of the offices of Governor General and Commander-in-Chief in the same person and enabled the Governor General to override his Council in cases of necessity.
• It also provided that the approval of the King for the person appointed as Governor General was not necessary.
• The Act also recognised and confirmed the power of the Court of Directors to appoint Governor-General and commander-in-Chief Governors and Councillors.
Lord Cornwallis reorganised the judicial administration of Bengal and also introduced the famous Permanent Settlement.